Engine Overhauls

Engine overhauls from RGA and Aerometal

M14PF with Barrett pistons and electronic ignition, to the USA for a Sukhoi

The involvement in these engines from RGA goes back to 1986 when we brought the first Yaks to the West, and of course soon became involved in engine and engine related issues. Over a period of time we found that the principal Russian factories –Vedenyev who designed the engines and the Voronezh Mechanical Plant who actually manufactured the engines – were becoming more and more unreliable and difficult to deal with. Fortuitously, some 11 years ago, we were introduced to Aerometal at Soskut, near Budapest.

The parent company of Aerometal was established in 1959, with an initial emphasis being on the overhaul of the M14V engines for the Kamov 26 helicopters which were in wide use in Hungary in crop spraying. Now that all the original Russian overhaul factories have effectively disappeared, Aerometal is now significantly the oldest established business in this world of these Russian radial engines. When Hungary joined the EU, the crop spraying activities were investigated by EU agricultural specialists, who were unhappy about the sorts of Soviet chemicals that were being used, and stopped much of the business. We came to an agreement with Aerometal to replace all their helicopter engine business with fixed wing business, and this relationship has continued extremely successfully.

As one of very few companies in Eastern Europe who were authorised to perform total overhauls to zero-time condition on these engines, Aerometal have all original Russian archive material – for example over 2000 pages just for the M 14 P. These list every facet of the overhaul procedure, and also all dimensional requirements for every single part and component. At the bottom of this page you can see two sample pages (out of 162) covering every aspect of the engine analysis, indicating the dimensions that need to be measured and the tolerances that are allowed.

Our business today

M14PF. electric start and 445hp to USA for Radial Rocket

RGA handles all the commercial activities for Aerometal, with the exception of their historic M 14 V helicopter business. This works extremely well, since it leaves Aerometal free to concentrate on all the technical issues. We are sure that our engines are significantly the best in the world, for a variety of reasons:

  • As you will have read above they are the oldest established, and also significantly the largest business in this world of these Russian engines. The combined experience of their specialist technicians is over 120 years – unmatched anywhere else.
  • Aerometal is a self-contained business, and in addition to the engine workshops, they also have a very sophisticated machine shop; a fabrication area; an anodising and plating workshop and a painting facility. In effect, all work is done in-house.
  • Aerometal is the only company in the world who are fully authorised by EASA (who control all aviation issues within Europe) to overhaul these engines and to issue an EASA “form1” which is the highest European qualification for an aviation product.
  • Every part of the engine is totally overhauled, including all ancillaries, and even including the engine mounting ring.
  • Aerometal have massive stocks of new spare parts which have been deliberately built up over the years, so do not have to resort to “making do” with somewhat worn parts.
  • Through considerable experience with these engines, Aerometal assemble their engines to tighter tolerances, particularly in the supercharger area than originally recommended, which results in better engines that are more powerful and more economical.
  • We automatically replace around 150 parts where replacement is considered to be mandatory.
  • Each engine is balanced to a factor that is three times as good as allowed in the original Russian documentation.

    M14PF for SU31 in Spain

  • We place considerable emphasis on engines that are finished to a lovely cosmetic standard. The principal parts of the engine are finished in the colour of the customer’s choice, and all exposed metal parts are either plated or anodised. Indeed there is a possibility to “colour-match” some of the anodised parts if a customer wishes.
  • We typically include our excellent automotive spark-plug conversion kit, for which we have obtained full EASA approval, with each engine.
  • Each engine is fully tested for a minimum of three hours on a proper dynamometer (unlike being mounted on an old airframe like others do), and all engine parameters are recorded and then passed to our customer.
  • Unless an engine is needed for immediate use, they are conserved for long-term storage.
  • With each engine we supply additional suction and acceleration jets for the carburettor so it can be precisely “tuned” after installation.
  • We give and stand by a generous warranty on each engine that we supply.

Complete engines and overhauls

Our business is split into two areas – the overhaul of engines for customers, and the supply of totally zero-timed engines for the growing market of constructors building aircraft using engines in the M 14 family. Historically we kept stocks of engines for immediate delivery, but increasingly our ability to provide “special” engines for our customers has made this more and more difficult, in that we cater for customers who want different propeller shafts; special colours; PF superchargers; different pistons (see below) et cetera. For this reason, every engine is handbuilt for a specific customer.

We have large stocks of engines which are waiting for overhaul, which enables us to accept an order for future delivery; prepare the precise engine that is needed; deliver the engine, and then receive the customer’s old engine when it has been removed.

Engine modifications

Sectioned M14V engine, for display

Our engines are assembled to significantly improved standards in various ways, but there are also alternatives in terms of specification:

  • A choice of Russian or SAE propeller shafts – we supply either at the same price.
  • Cosmetic alternatives, as above.
  • We seldom use original Russian pistons, but can supply them if they are required. Instead we now recommend the excellent Romanian SPC pistons, for which we have EASA authorisation, and the US Barrett Pistons which are a huge improvement on the original, although not fully certificated, and therefore not appropriate for installations into certificated engines despite their advantages.
  • Installation of “PF” superchargers, the original Russian design of which was funded by us, and which we feel are a distinct advantage, purely apart from the additional 40 hp that they give.
  • Installation of the superb electronic ignition which we offer, which overcomes the problems of the very “old-technology” magnetos.
  • Installation of lightweight alternators, together with their voltage-controllers.
  • Provision of electric-start engines – which are increasingly popular, although historically, all these engines would operate with air-start.

We are able to provide a complete range of engines from a standard AI 14 RA engine, which from us  typically gives just over 270 hp, up to an M 14 PF with special assembly; Barrett Pistons and electronic ignition from which we expect a reliable 450 hp.

Micropolishing of gears

Two gearbox satellite gears. The one on the left has been micropolished

Micro-polishing is a specialised treatment of gears in which the surface of the gear is very carefully polished in the areas that it is meshing with another gear which can significantly reduce friction, and therefore release more power and reduce temperatures. We did extensive research on this, working with the well-known UK producer of automotive competition gearboxes, Hewland, and decided that there were nine specific gears which would benefit from this treatment. The first are the three supercharger drive gears, which, in PF specification turn at some 30,000 rpm. The second is in the gearbox the front of the engine, where there is an epicyclic gearbox, transmitting all the power of the engine. Here we micropolish the six satellite gears. It is difficult to precisely quantify the benefits, but we estimate that micropolishing will produce an additional 7/9 hp, and reduce oil temperature by 7/10°C. We charge an additional €550 for this service.

Pricing

Please see “Engines for Sale” for our prices.

Overhauls are priced according to the engine, but essentially cover every aspect of the overhaul, with the exception of any parts that might be damaged through overheating; hydraulic lock or whatever.

We are also able to supply, typically on an exchange basis, all ancillary items, all completely overhauled with “form1” such as magnetos; carburetors; governors; compressors; fuel and oil pumps et cetera. In addition we supply complete “PF” supercharger and accessory case conversions which can be simply fitted to an existing engine.

Our procedures

The principal stages that an engine go through are:

  • An acceptance report on engine arrival, which is typically done within three days, which will describe the engine; any missing parts or other obvious problems.
  • Total disassembly, followed by removal of all paint and complete cleaning of every component.
  • Testing and examination of every component, whether by measuring; x-ray; crack-testing to check for those that should be rejected or retained. You can see below two sample pages of the 162 pages, showing the actual dimensions established during examination of an actual engine, against the required dimensions.

    M14PF on the test stand

  • Sourcing of all new parts and components that will be required.
  • Detailed processes such as honing the cylinders; grinding the valves; manufacture of new bushings et cetera. All this is done in-house.
  • Painting of all components in the appropriate colour; plating or anodising of other parts, again in-house.
  • Assembly of the entire engine.
  • Testing on the dynamometer with recording all results, which are given to our customers.
  • Rechecking valve clearances; magneto timing et cetera.
  • Conservation and then packing. For airfreight we have developed our own lightweight, but strong, crates which are also made from treated wood, and therefore are acceptable to the authorities in countries like such as USA and Australia.
  • We have excellent contacts and are able to ship engines by road within Europe and by air anywhere in the world.

 

One sample page from 162 pages that cover all aspects of the engine analysis

An example  page showing  the  actual dimensions  established during examination of an actual engine, against the required dimensions